Primitive man was very similar to a large monkey walking on two legs. He had not the conformation of the skeleton as modern humans. Despite the fact that he is moving on, not on four, and two short posterior limbs, torso he was greatly inclined forward in the movement. Arms were long, hanging down to the knee and were loose – they are primitive people performed different work. Later hands have been to keep different stone tools for hunting.
Head of primitive man was smaller than modern humans. It is associated with smaller brain size. The forehead was low and small. And despite the fact that the brain of the first men was larger than that of monkeys, it was poorly developed. It has not yet been formed, was pronounced only a few sounds that expressed emotions. But this kind of language sounds clear to other individuals, that is, was a means of primitive communication.
The face of primitive man was beastlike. Lower jaw much forward. The superciliary arches very pronounced. Hair was long, black and shaggy. Among primitive people was thick hair on the entire body, similar to wool. This “wool” protected the body not only from cold but also from the hot sun.
Primitive people were strong and physically developed, because they osteanabrosis for their existence: they come into the fight with wild beasts, climbed on trees and on rocks, hunted and ran a lot. The very first APE-man scientists call Homo habilis. Continue reading
Rich land of Cherkasy region the mysteries of centuries that hides in the depths of their lands. Especially those that date from 4-6 millennia BC. Cell Trypillya settlements, which are a unique phenomenon of the era, not so long ago were opened in the Talne district, Cherkasy region, has already caused a considerable resonance among the scientific community.
September 10, staff of Uman national University of horticulture visited the excavations at the largest settlements of Trypillya culture in S. Talanki, which is one of structural divisions of the University – Malenkovskaya agrotechnical College. From the words of the archaeologists who work here, students and staff of the mentioned College are actively involved not only in the organization of the excavation, but also promote the holding of international conferences and symposiums on archaeology.
On the excavations of Trypillian settlements near S. Talanki dealt with by the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, working archaeologists of Germany (in addition to excavations, doing Geophysics and valeology), and also involved students from the cities of Kiev, Vinnitsa and Uman. For young researchers it is not just manufacturing practices, and above all a unique opportunity to touch rare, filled with the memory of centuries of things that were before time hidden from the human eye layers of the soil.
With slivnik project on the study of settlements-the giants of Tripoli culture, scientific Secretary of the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, candidate of historical Sciences Alexey Corwin-Piotrowski, thanks to geophysical survey in sec. Talianki was found the largest Trypillian settlement in Europe. Its age reaches 5.5 thousand years in ancient times, and the number of residents numbered around 14 thousand people. Continue reading
An important discovery of archaeologists Ulgpu: people settled in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region in the II-III centuries of our era
Settled agricultural population in the first Millennium ad appeared in the Ulyanovsk Volga region in the III-IV centuries, and not in the X century, as previously thought. Reliable confirmation of this obtained during the archaeological practice of students of historical faculty of the Ulyanovsk state pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov. In an archaeological expedition was also attended by representatives of Togliatti and Samara state universities, the Institute of archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan, Institute of history and culture of the Ulyanovsk region, the Ulyanovsk Museum of local lore.
The students under the guidance of Professor of history Ulgpu, head of the archaeology Department of regional research Institute of history and culture Yury Semykin conducted excavations on the territory of settlements (open settlements) near Krasnostawski settlement. They found many artifacts – shards of pottery, metal objects, fragments of window glass, the details of the ornaments, etc. Among the items of particular value – a bronze tip strap with traces of gilding the pre-Mongol period, a clay spindle – spindle weights, three iron weights, which presumably was weighed in silver coins. In it were discovered pits of the lesions with preserved the ashes, traces of iron production.
The results of the excavations led to the conclusion that our ancestors fished, raised cattle, practiced metallurgy, ceramic production, and glass manufacture. Dense settlement areas was facilitated by the natural conditions and rich deposits of iron ore. According to scientists via Krasnostawski the settlement could go the trade route from Bulgar to Kiev, and others. After 1236, the year that the settlement already existed since the Mongols, including the vast territory of the Golden Horde, forbade the local population to live on a fortified land. Continue reading