Museum of Peking man, or the Anthropological Museum in Zhoukoudian, near Beijing. in the village of Zhoukoudian. In this place was made one of the most important discoveries in anthropology. Here in 1921, were found the remains of prehistoric man, which then became known worldwide as Peking man (Sinanthropus pekinensis). This discovery became a worldwide sensation. Were first found in the remains of a prehistoric humanoid creatures not only in China but also throughout Asia. Peking man is considered by some as the “missing link” between APE and man. From 1923 to 1927 during the excavations were found several fragments of the skeleton of Peking man.
Peking man refers to a broad class of Homo erectus. It is believed that Peking man existed around the same period, the development of the first men, and People from the island of Java, was found in 1891 and known as Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus, was found in 1924 near the town of Kimberley in South Africa.
When they found the remains of a Man from the island of Java, the scientific community was initially configured quite skeptical. As for Peking man, scientists immediately recognized initially annotator scientific discoveries. Excavations from 1923 to 1927, during which were found the teeth, jaw and skull fragments of Peking man, only increased the confidence of scientists. During the second stage of the excavation, which was chaired by Chinese paleontologist Jan Junciana, also known in the Western world as Dr. C. C. Yang, was found more than 200 fragments of ancient human remains including 6 nearly completely preserved of the skull base. It was determined later that these remains belonged to more than 40 members of prehistoric human society. The second phase of excavations was carried out from 1928 to 1937 and was interrupted by the invasion of Japanese troops. Continue reading
Illegal getters of jade mined rock in Barguzinsky and Kurumkansky district, drove there a special technique. However, all in vain, as there is simply no jade, there’s only like him mineral
Checking into the allegations of illegal mining of jade in Barguzinsky and Kurumkansky district held East-the Baikal Interdistrict nature protection office of public Prosecutor together with office of public Prosecutor of the Barguzin district, specialists of the Geological Institute of SB RAS and the Buryat branch of Federal state institution “Territorial Fund of geological information on Siberian Federal district”.
As reports a press-service of Prosecutor’s office of Buryatia, in the areas revealed facts of illegal development of mineral resources. Including used special techniques and devices. With its help, according to “black diggers” managed to find and steal the jade.
During the inspection were found and confiscated samples extracted by illegals breed. However, experts have concluded that, in all the studied samples of nephrite is missing. Rock is a tremolite – common rock-forming mineral, prismatic and not twisted-fibrous, like jade, buildings.
Thus, further confirmed the geological studies about the lack of jade in Barguzinsky and Kurumkansky districts, – noted in Prosecutor’s office of Buryatia.
Rukovodstvuyutsya the office of mineral resources made a representation to eliminate violations of the law. It shows that inaction on geological study of subsoil and placement of reserves on the state balance sheet contributes to the unauthorized, predatory exploration, extraction and unsustainable use of mineral resources. Continue reading
An important discovery of archaeologists Ulgpu: people settled in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region in the II-III centuries of our era
Settled agricultural population in the first Millennium ad appeared in the Ulyanovsk Volga region in the III-IV centuries, and not in the X century, as previously thought. Reliable confirmation of this obtained during the archaeological practice of students of historical faculty of the Ulyanovsk state pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov. In an archaeological expedition was also attended by representatives of Togliatti and Samara state universities, the Institute of archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan, Institute of history and culture of the Ulyanovsk region, the Ulyanovsk Museum of local lore.
The students under the guidance of Professor of history Ulgpu, head of the archaeology Department of regional research Institute of history and culture Yury Semykin conducted excavations on the territory of settlements (open settlements) near Krasnostawski settlement. They found many artifacts – shards of pottery, metal objects, fragments of window glass, the details of the ornaments, etc. Among the items of particular value – a bronze tip strap with traces of gilding the pre-Mongol period, a clay spindle – spindle weights, three iron weights, which presumably was weighed in silver coins. In it were discovered pits of the lesions with preserved the ashes, traces of iron production.
The results of the excavations led to the conclusion that our ancestors fished, raised cattle, practiced metallurgy, ceramic production, and glass manufacture. Dense settlement areas was facilitated by the natural conditions and rich deposits of iron ore. According to scientists via Krasnostawski the settlement could go the trade route from Bulgar to Kiev, and others. After 1236, the year that the settlement already existed since the Mongols, including the vast territory of the Golden Horde, forbade the local population to live on a fortified land. Continue reading