During reconstruction of the Church of the Holy sepulchre was consecrated in the city of Kursk, in November-December-2015 staff Inspection on protection of objects of cultural heritage of Kursk region on separate sites conducted archaeological work.
According to the chief specialist of the Department of archaeology of the inspection Vereyskiy Novel, was the study area of about 70 square meters, where found artifacts of different eras. So, pinakamahalaga the remains of the foundations of the resurrection Cathedral belong to the XVIII century, burials date back to the XVII century, and the pits outbuildings with underground a basement — evidence of the culture of Ancient Russia and the Horde rule.
Found during excavations of the Foundation of the coins of the Russian Empire clearly indicate that the resurrection of the original wooden Church was built in 1730-ies. Mass burials in mass graves, found among the remains of the shrapnel firearms and silver coins of the seventeenth century indicate that this burial of the monks and defenders of the Znamensky monastery in the early stage of its existence. To unambiguously characterize this unique funerary complex would allow dalneishego study with the involvement of specialists-anthropologists.
Great interest are materials from the cultural layer of the ancient times — especially when you consider that the Kursk strata of this period are the most ancient to Chronicles of South Russian cities in Russia. Continue reading
Primitive man was very similar to a large monkey walking on two legs. He had not the conformation of the skeleton as modern humans. Despite the fact that he is moving on, not on four, and two short posterior limbs, torso he was greatly inclined forward in the movement. Arms were long, hanging down to the knee and were loose – they are primitive people performed different work. Later hands have been to keep different stone tools for hunting.
Head of primitive man was smaller than modern humans. It is associated with smaller brain size. The forehead was low and small. And despite the fact that the brain of the first men was larger than that of monkeys, it was poorly developed. It has not yet been formed, was pronounced only a few sounds that expressed emotions. But this kind of language sounds clear to other individuals, that is, was a means of primitive communication.
The face of primitive man was beastlike. Lower jaw much forward. The superciliary arches very pronounced. Hair was long, black and shaggy. Among primitive people was thick hair on the entire body, similar to wool. This “wool” protected the body not only from cold but also from the hot sun.
Primitive people were strong and physically developed, because they osteanabrosis for their existence: they come into the fight with wild beasts, climbed on trees and on rocks, hunted and ran a lot. The very first APE-man scientists call Homo habilis. Continue reading
Danish archaeologists during an open lecture at Kazan Federal University presented the results of their five-year excavations in the Crimea
Simferopol, January 22. Kryminform. In the Crimean Federal University named after V. I. Vernadsky University was held a public lecture scientists-archaeologists at Aarhus University (Denmark) –professors Jens Andresen and Vladimir Pillars “of the Western Crimean archaeological project: some results from the far Chersonese to the chorus of” where were presented the results of five excavations. This was reported today in the media center at the Kazan Federal University.
“We carried out excavations of some settlements, which are settlements of new type. Before that they were unknown to us. And this is the first work of its kind about the settlements in the inner part of the tarchankut Peninsula,” said Andresen and noted that some results of the excavations fundamentally change the universal idea about this region and about the history of the entire Western part of the Crimea.
Danish Professor expressed hope that, despite the political situation, the archaeological excavations will be continued.
Professor of the Department of ancient history and middle ages of historical faculty of Kazan Federal University Igor Khrapunov, in turn, focused attention on the fact that the rural territory of ancient cities have been preserved best of all in Crimea, especially in the area of Chersonesos.
“This is probably the only place in the world, except, perhaps, modern Sicily, where the artifacts are almost intact. Thus it has made this epochal discovery in the 50-ies of XX century, when they discovered whole sections of the Greek agriculture, different farms, divided into vineyards, gardens and so forth,” said Khrapunov. Continue reading