Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading
During reconstruction of the Church of the Holy sepulchre was consecrated in the city of Kursk, in November-December-2015 staff Inspection on protection of objects of cultural heritage of Kursk region on separate sites conducted archaeological work.
According to the chief specialist of the Department of archaeology of the inspection Vereyskiy Novel, was the study area of about 70 square meters, where found artifacts of different eras. So, pinakamahalaga the remains of the foundations of the resurrection Cathedral belong to the XVIII century, burials date back to the XVII century, and the pits outbuildings with underground a basement — evidence of the culture of Ancient Russia and the Horde rule.
Found during excavations of the Foundation of the coins of the Russian Empire clearly indicate that the resurrection of the original wooden Church was built in 1730-ies. Mass burials in mass graves, found among the remains of the shrapnel firearms and silver coins of the seventeenth century indicate that this burial of the monks and defenders of the Znamensky monastery in the early stage of its existence. To unambiguously characterize this unique funerary complex would allow dalneishego study with the involvement of specialists-anthropologists.
Great interest are materials from the cultural layer of the ancient times — especially when you consider that the Kursk strata of this period are the most ancient to Chronicles of South Russian cities in Russia. Continue reading
Work on the construction of the gas pipeline has been put on hold here. Archaeologists have discovered an amazing discovery of the medieval era. Only about a meter under the ground found the burials of two dozen horses.
Archaeologists have unearthed here a herd. This is until latest find. Rich bronze bridle, hung with ornaments. The sword and the spear specialists suggests: the horse in the 12th century belonged to the notable person.
– On the face of the horse we see bronze plaques, suspension type bells. Part of the bridle is behind the horse. This, apparently, happened after the killing of the horse. Here is very amazing thing. Here are preserved the contour of the tip of the spear, explains the head of the Department of archaeology of the Novorossiysk historical Museum-reserve Alexander Shishlov.
Archaeologists suggest that the riders were from the tribe Kosogov. They lived on these lands in the 12th-13th centuries. According to their customs of the horses was taken to be buried together with the owner. The urn with the ashes of a warrior left on the surface and war horse were buried in the ground.
– Next to each horse a gun here. That is, it left a warlike people. And one of the crafts of this population was war. That is, they are either employed somewhere or worry about the attacks – said Alexander Shishlov. Continue reading