Elusive breath of the Millennium: the archaeological excavation
Rich land of Cherkasy region the mysteries of centuries that hides in the depths of their lands. Especially those that date from 4-6 millennia BC. Cell Trypillya settlements, which are…

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In Latin America, archaeologists have discovered ancient pottery
Professionals from the Novosibirsk Institute of archaeology and Ethnography during excavations in Ecuador have discovered the oldest ceramics in South America. Fragments of dishes and household items are among the…

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culture

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Profession archaeologist

Brief description: (concept, introduction to the profession, the essence of the profession, General description, main features, information about the profession) Archaeologist — a scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient civilizations by the preserved remains of their life. The main objective of the work of an archaeologist included excavations to search for research sources. Archaeology is often compared to detective work. This is a creative profession, as you have to use imagination and abstract thinking to recreate the pristine picture of the world of the past. Scientists-archeologists work with individual tiles that need to be put together to solve the mystery. Sometimes on full disclosure of the secrets of any ancient culture or archaeological site takes years.

The history of the profession: (the emergence of the profession, the history of the development of the profession) the profession of the archaeologist was popular in Ancient Rome and Greece. Even then people knew about the stone, bronze and iron ages, excavated and found ancient architectural monuments. In the Renaissance, numerous excavations were carried out, whose main aim was the extraction of antique sculptures. Archaeology as a science emerged only in the early twentieth century and today represents the topics that students of different cultures and eras. … Continue reading

Current archaeology

The development of archaeology involves not only the study of fundamental problems of the origin, prosperity and decline of ancient cultures by excavation of archaeological sites and interpret the artifacts resulting from field research, but also the preservation and further development of the existing traditions of scientific schools, which are only possible while maintaining scientific continuity of generations. That is why the training of young specialists should become one of priority directions of modern archaeologists. This training involves not only listening to lectures in University classrooms or the passage of field practice in archaeological expeditions, but also the development of young researchers, students, and graduate students, discussion problems of archaeology. The results of their research, the authors usually give publicity to the conferences.

In the second half of the last century, one of scientific forums, where young professionals were provided the results of their first survey, where they put forward new and sometimes highly controversial, the hypothesis became all-Union archeological student conference, in which he actively participated and students from Continue reading

How are archaeological excavations

Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.

“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.

In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading

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Archaeological finds in the fortress Borovskoy
Glory and pride Perovskogo district — the ancient fortress with time has to be restored. Currently on the territory of the fortress archaeological excavations are carried out. According to their…

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10 greatest archaeological discoveries of the past year
A list of the main archaeological discoveries of the past 2010 published by the magazine Archaeology, published by the Archaeological Institute of America. It's not just about the archaeological findings,…

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