Brief description: (concept, introduction to the profession, the essence of the profession, General description, main features, information about the profession) Archaeologist — a scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient civilizations by the preserved remains of their life. The main objective of the work of an archaeologist included excavations to search for research sources. Archaeology is often compared to detective work. This is a creative profession, as you have to use imagination and abstract thinking to recreate the pristine picture of the world of the past. Scientists-archeologists work with individual tiles that need to be put together to solve the mystery. Sometimes on full disclosure of the secrets of any ancient culture or archaeological site takes years.
The history of the profession: (the emergence of the profession, the history of the development of the profession) the profession of the archaeologist was popular in Ancient Rome and Greece. Even then people knew about the stone, bronze and iron ages, excavated and found ancient architectural monuments. In the Renaissance, numerous excavations were carried out, whose main aim was the extraction of antique sculptures. Archaeology as a science emerged only in the early twentieth century and today represents the topics that students of different cultures and eras. … Continue reading
Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading
German archaeologists was indebted to badger: the beast helped them to make a significant discovery. You can tell that the animal was the first who found the medieval Slavic burial of two princes, in which he found valuable artifacts, according to News .
The striped animal, perfectly adapted to digging underground tunnels, made a hole on site in the farm, 75 kilometres North-East of Berlin. By some coincidence, on the farm at this time had two sculptor, a great interest in archaeology – Lars Willem and Hendrik the Ring.
“We have noticed sticking out of the ground pelvic bone, definitely belonged to a man – said Ring Spiegel Online. – We were not surprised, because across the road from here in 1960-ies it was discovered the whole field of ancient graves. But we still put the camera in a badger hole and using the remote control took a few pictures”. Photos of archaeologists-lovers saw fragments of jewelry and immediately reported his find to the local authorities.
All this happened in the fall of 2012, and since then, no sign of badgers on the farm were seen – most likely, he left his hole. And this week scientists have made a discovery, made by beast, soobshenie. In the place which a badger was chosen for creating a home, we found eight ancient graves of the first half of the XII century.
Archaeologist Thomas Kersting from the Department of protection of monuments of the Federal land of Brandenburg is certain: this discovery is of great value. “First we don’t found graves like that in Brandenburg. So this is a very important discovery”, – he said.
At the feet of the skeletons, buried there, was found the bronze vessels. “This suggests that the people buried here belonged to the elite. They had bronze bowls in which they wash their hands before dinner – they knew it was supposed to do,” – said the expert. Continue reading