Brief description: (concept, introduction to the profession, the essence of the profession, General description, main features, information about the profession) Archaeologist — a scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient civilizations by the preserved remains of their life. The main objective of the work of an archaeologist included excavations to search for research sources. Archaeology is often compared to detective work. This is a creative profession, as you have to use imagination and abstract thinking to recreate the pristine picture of the world of the past. Scientists-archeologists work with individual tiles that need to be put together to solve the mystery. Sometimes on full disclosure of the secrets of any ancient culture or archaeological site takes years.
The history of the profession: (the emergence of the profession, the history of the development of the profession) the profession of the archaeologist was popular in Ancient Rome and Greece. Even then people knew about the stone, bronze and iron ages, excavated and found ancient architectural monuments. In the Renaissance, numerous excavations were carried out, whose main aim was the extraction of antique sculptures. Archaeology as a science emerged only in the early twentieth century and today represents the topics that students of different cultures and eras. … Continue reading
The ancient settlement of Chirokitia (named after a nearby village) because of its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that its early phases must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological research allow to speak about the contacts of the inhabitants of Khirokitia with Anatolia, the ancient settlements of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. Data of radiocarbon analysis showed that the population of Khirokitia occurred in approximately 5000 BC
2 December 1998 settlement of Choirokoitia was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites under number 848 according to IV, V, VI criteria, as this settlement, first, the earliest phase of studies for the Cyprus procainamidesee Neolithic period (criterion IV); secondly, a characteristic example of a significant human settlement, fragile as a result of its great antiquity and its location in a rapidly changing environment (criterion V); finally, the settlement related to the ideas and beliefs of historical importance, which is manifested in several aspects of material culture: for example, the use in funeral rites figurines testifies to ritual and religiondispatches (criterion VI). The site was discovered in 1934 by P. Diseasem. which produce further archaeological work from 1936 to 1946 To 1977, began excavations under the direction of Alain Le Brun, Director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During archaeological excavations at khirokitia found a large number of different objects. They talk about the existence in Cyprus of a highly developed Neolithic culture. The burials found in necklaces, pins, spindle whorls, pendants, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools to handles the bone was used, it produced the same pins, needles, spindles. Continue reading
18 may 2015, Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin has opened a renovated Museum of archaeology of Moscow at the Manege square. In opening ceremony took part the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin, head of the Department of culture of Moscow Alexander Kibovsky, Director General of the Museum Association “Moscow Museum” Alina Saprykina.
According to the mayor, in 1997, the Museum of archaeology of Moscow was opened with serious disturbances, so after only 15 years it was reconstructed (in the Museum replaced engineering networks, upgraded ventilation systems, lighting and fire safety carried out the partial replanning of the internal spaces, which include automated access control system). “Now here is the most modern Museum equipment. So I think it will be for many years to serve the citizens and visitors of the capital, to delight them with their exhibitions,” said Sergei Sobyanin.
“Today is a joyful and long – awaited event- after years of reconstruction, opened the Museum of archaeology. The Museum is known and loved by Muscovites. Of course, it was very sad, when people are passing and walking in the center of Moscow, approached him and saw the word “Museum renovation”. We with great joy we open the Museum for Muscovites. And happily for archaeologists, because the Museum is not only a methodological center, but also the main custodian of all archaeological finds” — said the Minister of Moscow Government, head of the Department of culture of Moscow Alexander Kibovsky.
The Museum of archaeology of Moscow is a branch of Museum Association “Moscow Museum”. It is located in the heart of the capital, at the Manege square – a popular tourist spot. The opening of the Museum in 1997 was timed to the 850th anniversary of Moscow. Continue reading