The ancient settlement of Chirokitia (named after a nearby village) because of its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that its early phases must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological research allow to speak about the contacts of the inhabitants of Khirokitia with Anatolia, the ancient settlements of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. Data of radiocarbon analysis showed that the population of Khirokitia occurred in approximately 5000 BC
2 December 1998 settlement of Choirokoitia was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites under number 848 according to IV, V, VI criteria, as this settlement, first, the earliest phase of studies for the Cyprus procainamidesee Neolithic period (criterion IV); secondly, a characteristic example of a significant human settlement, fragile as a result of its great antiquity and its location in a rapidly changing environment (criterion V); finally, the settlement related to the ideas and beliefs of historical importance, which is manifested in several aspects of material culture: for example, the use in funeral rites figurines testifies to ritual and religiondispatches (criterion VI). The site was discovered in 1934 by P. Diseasem. which produce further archaeological work from 1936 to 1946 To 1977, began excavations under the direction of Alain Le Brun, Director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During archaeological excavations at khirokitia found a large number of different objects. They talk about the existence in Cyprus of a highly developed Neolithic culture. The burials found in necklaces, pins, spindle whorls, pendants, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools to handles the bone was used, it produced the same pins, needles, spindles. Continue reading
Rich land of Cherkasy region the mysteries of centuries that hides in the depths of their lands. Especially those that date from 4-6 millennia BC. Cell Trypillya settlements, which are a unique phenomenon of the era, not so long ago were opened in the Talne district, Cherkasy region, has already caused a considerable resonance among the scientific community.
September 10, staff of Uman national University of horticulture visited the excavations at the largest settlements of Trypillya culture in S. Talanki, which is one of structural divisions of the University – Malenkovskaya agrotechnical College. From the words of the archaeologists who work here, students and staff of the mentioned College are actively involved not only in the organization of the excavation, but also promote the holding of international conferences and symposiums on archaeology.
On the excavations of Trypillian settlements near S. Talanki dealt with by the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, working archaeologists of Germany (in addition to excavations, doing Geophysics and valeology), and also involved students from the cities of Kiev, Vinnitsa and Uman. For young researchers it is not just manufacturing practices, and above all a unique opportunity to touch rare, filled with the memory of centuries of things that were before time hidden from the human eye layers of the soil.
With slivnik project on the study of settlements-the giants of Tripoli culture, scientific Secretary of the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, candidate of historical Sciences Alexey Corwin-Piotrowski, thanks to geophysical survey in sec. Talianki was found the largest Trypillian settlement in Europe. Its age reaches 5.5 thousand years in ancient times, and the number of residents numbered around 14 thousand people. Continue reading
Archaeologists from the USA will conduct excavations in the Transbaikal, in order to understand how the Siberians settled in America
Archaeologists at the University of Washington led by Professor Ian Busicom will conduct excavations in the South-West TRANS-Baikal region. Experts hope to learn the basic steps of prehistoric people in the development of Asia and their transition from Siberia to North America. This was reported by the journalist. TASS doctor of historical Sciences, head Chikoisky TRANS-Baikal archaeological expedition of the state University Mihail Konstantinov
“Lasting interest of the Americans to the archaeological monuments of the Baikal region connected with the history of their native continent and its colonization by ancient people who, according to accepted theory, came to the New world from Siberia through Beringia – the area linking North-East Asia and North America. The route of these “immigrants” is set, but the age and stages of their “journey” need to be studied,” – said Konstantinov.
A group of seven representatives of the University of Washington will arrive in Chita on 30 June and the next day will go to the excavations of the archaeological site of Ust-Menza in Krasnochikoysky the edge of the area, will run for three weeks. A common theme of their research, according to the scientist, devoted to initial development of man, Asia and America, to study their environment and material culture.
In the excavations of the Ust-Menza will join the Russian researchers. “This complex consists of 17 monuments, the oldest of which is about 100 thousand years. And we have reason to believe that the Ust-Menza is the other, not izuchennosti. The study we are going to do,” said the head of the expedition. Continue reading