The monument, accopany near the settlement of Grape, refers to a very important historical period of the Armenian nation – the adoption of the Christian religion. The structure found in the first building layer, was an ancient sanctuary, which is proven by the typical ritual finds. In the second construction period it was converted into a Christian Church hall with the extension of the apse on the East side. The value of the detected structures is also that it is the first visible proof of the reliability of information of the Armenian chroniclers about the transformation of the ancient shrines in the Christian Church. Near the present village of Jrapi on the right side of the route Yerevan-Armavir-Gyumri were excavated an ancient settlement. The study showed that the whole territory of small settlements, took about 7-8 hectares, had a rectangular form and was enclosed on three sides by hills. At this time, the settlement is crossed Shosseynaya expensive. Our research is focused on surviving right-hand part of the settlement. Excavations were fully revealed two perpendicularly arranged buildings, which were organized and spacious area. Continue reading
Unusual artifacts were found in an ancient mound. On the vast territory between the Danube and the Don rises a lot of mounds. They remained here from the tribe of the Scythians, and each mound is “gold” because only Scythians used to put so much gold in burial and nobles, and ordinary people. The gold of the Scythians was a symbol of life after death, and therefore put in all barrows and in many different ways. Raiding Scythian burial mounds began in the middle ages, but now archaeologists find in them treasures. In one of the mounds was found the burial of a female warrior with weapons and gold beads, the other is bronze panel, depicting the battle of Greeks with Amazons, and in the diadem of sheet gold. Hundreds of pounds of Scythian gold filled jewelry collection of the Hermitage and other famous museums. Continue reading
Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading