The earliest discovered traces of human presence are 15-12 BC First pottery refers to the line 4-3 thousand BC and the beginning of processing of metals – the second half of the 1st Millennium BC To early centuries ad there lived the tribes of the chibcha-Moscow, the Caribbean, etc.
Unfortunately, the culture of the Colombian Indians is not well studied how the culture of the Peruvian, Mexican or aboriginal. When it comes to pre-Columbian America, just remember the Mayans, the Aztecs, the Incas, but somehow overshadowed by the fact that in the Americas there were other native American peoples and culture, which left an amazing historical sites and mysterious legends.
In Colombia found evidence of a variety of ancient civilizations. This and the stone statues in the archaeological Park on the outskirts of San agustín (Department of Huila), and underground vaults of the pre-Columbian era: Alto del Aguacate, Alto de San Andres, Alto de Segovia, Alto del Duende, El Tablon in the national archaeological Park of Tierradentro (Department of Cauca), and the Lost city (Ciudad perdida – the Department of Magdalena), and the city of Tumaco (Department of nariño), famous for the numerous archaeological finds of great historical and artistic value. All arheologicheskaya are samples of cultural heritage of different sub-clans Chibchas.
San Agustin and Tierradentro declared a world heritage by UNESCO, the Lost city is a Sacred place, unique in natural-historical terms.
In San Agustin is the largest in South America, the ensemble of ancient monuments and megalithic sculptures in a beautiful natural landscape. The pagan gods and mythical animals are widely represented in a variety of styles – from abstraction to realism. These works of art testify to the high creative potential of culture, spread in the Northern Andes in the I-VIII centuries. Continue reading
The first traces of human presence on the territory of our land belong to the Paleolithic (stone age). The Paleolithic is the epoch of the formation of man and human society. In the Palaeolithic people have gone from an APE-like ancestor to modern humans. They learnt to produce at first a primitive and then more sophisticated stone tools, mastered fire, settled in the vast spaces of Europe and Asia up to the Arctic circle.
The Paleolithic coincided with the increase of humidity, abundant rainfall, especially in winter, the common cold. Appear powerful glaciers. The solid layer of ice up to three kilometres thick have covered vast territory in Europe and Northern Asia. In such harsh conditions people had to survive only outside the zone of glaciation.
The Paleolithic era spans nearly 2.5 million years and is divided into early and late. So what time on the banks of the lower Volga were the first people? For a long time scientists found it difficult to answer this question. Single, chance finds of Paleolithic time not made clear. The lower Volga region remained a “white spot” on the map of Paleolithic.
Until recently, the earliest monument of the prehistoric human stay in the Lower Volga region were found and studied from 1952 to 1954 by archaeologist S. N. Zamyatin Paleolithic Stoyanov beam Dry Mechetka on the Northern outskirts of Volgograd. Parking was arranged on the right Bank of the river in ancient times on the bottom of this beam. During excavations found traces of four large fireplaces, situated in one line, and about a dozen small stains in places. The fire was found stone tools and the debris (waste of manufacturing) and animal bones. Continue reading
During the excavation of an ancient Buddhist settlement in Ussuriysk found a rich Buddhist temple, located in the former Imperial Palace. The tribes that inhabited the territory of Primorye in the XII century, were destroyed with the arrival of the Tatar-Mongol yoke.
Where once was an ancient castle, now should appear a normal residential house. While on a platform behind a high fence builders came, in the sweat of archaeologists working here. Deep in the earth they looking for its Palace of mystery. Rare case when Maritime archaeologists conduct excavations right in the city. Usually in the summer they can be found either in the fields or in the forest, far from civilization.
Ussuriisk and its surroundings have long attracted the attention of scientists, because here thousands of years ago there was a settlement to the Jurchen. The times when the Jurchens lived on the territory of modern Primorye, dated the XII century. And just in the area of today’s Ussuriysk, they founded their capital.
The Jurchens professed Buddhism, and the majority of the finds here has something to do with religion. One of them has led archaeologists to believe that were here and rich Buddhist temple. As found NTV correspondent Igor Sorokin, a Buddha figure with detailed facial features, archaeologists found for the first time.
Outside the Imperial divorceonline and dwellings of ordinary people. To restore the outline of the house in full, the ground it is necessary to remove thin layers. Continue reading