Excavations along the two-kilometer road Vertyachiy-Pansino leave no doubts here, next to the former crossing of the don, worked “black diggers”. Carelessly dug fighting positions scattered rusty ammunition, but the most important bones of soldiers, broken shovels, broken legs “black archeologists”, told IA “Height 102” journalists Victoria ulianenko and Alexey Serova.
Spring is the traditional time for search teams: the ground is still moist and lends itself well to excavation. But before the official search engines from Volgograd to the battlefields overlook the so-called “black archeologists”. After them on the former battlefields remain dead hundreds of remains of soldiers.
Excavations along the two-kilometer road Vertyachiy-Pansino leave no doubts here, next to the former crossing of the don, worked “black” diggers. Carelessly dug fighting positions scattered rusty ammunition, but the most important bones of soldiers, broken shovels, broken legs “black archeologists”.
In the Volgograd region are still unknown hundreds of miles of the Stalingrad front. Here, after fierce fighting, sometimes in the same trench, are interspersed Soviet soldiers and Wehrmacht soldiers. On this site the account killed tens of thousands on both sides. Continue reading
Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading
Researchers have discovered the remains of the ship “Terra Nova”, which in the early 20th century British polar Explorer Robert Scott set off to conquer the South pole. About the discovery reported on the official site of the Ocean Institute Schmidt, who provided the ship for the expedition. The ship was discovered on July 21, however, is known about the discovery said.
The discovery was made during testing of equipment on Board R/V Falkor off the coast of Greenland. The region for testing was chosen for several reasons – the depth here ranges from 10 to 1800 meters, the bottom is in different places has a different composition (the composition affects the way in from the bottom reflected signal), and details of the relief clearly visible.
SEE ALSO . Found the only picture of the first men at the South pole (Photo)
Not the last argument was the fact that here in 1943 sank the famous ship the “Terra Nova”, which at the time was carrying supplies to the Arctic. The vessel was damaged by ice and the crew was rescued by the U.S. coast guard, so the area where the ship sank was known. According to scientists, the sounders found the ship some 10 days after the start of the expedition.
The instruments showed that the length korablestoiteley 57 meters, which is consistent with historical data on “Terra Nova”. To make sure that they face the legendary ship, the scientists sent to explore automatic probe SHRIMP (Simple High Resolution IMaging Package), which is simply a rigid frame with a fixed engine, a pair of cameras and illumination. Received by the device image finally confirmed that the scientists “Terra Nova”. Continue reading