Unusual artifacts were found in an ancient mound. On the vast territory between the Danube and the Don rises a lot of mounds. They remained here from the tribe of the Scythians, and each mound is “gold” because only Scythians used to put so much gold in burial and nobles, and ordinary people. The gold of the Scythians was a symbol of life after death, and therefore put in all barrows and in many different ways. Raiding Scythian burial mounds began in the middle ages, but now archaeologists find in them treasures. In one of the mounds was found the burial of a female warrior with weapons and gold beads, the other is bronze panel, depicting the battle of Greeks with Amazons, and in the diadem of sheet gold. Hundreds of pounds of Scythian gold filled jewelry collection of the Hermitage and other famous museums. Continue reading
The development of archaeology involves not only the study of fundamental problems of the origin, prosperity and decline of ancient cultures by excavation of archaeological sites and interpret the artifacts resulting from field research, but also the preservation and further development of the existing traditions of scientific schools, which are only possible while maintaining scientific continuity of generations. That is why the training of young specialists should become one of priority directions of modern archaeologists. This training involves not only listening to lectures in University classrooms or the passage of field practice in archaeological expeditions, but also the development of young researchers, students, and graduate students, discussion problems of archaeology. The results of their research, the authors usually give publicity to the conferences.
In the second half of the last century, one of scientific forums, where young professionals were provided the results of their first survey, where they put forward new and sometimes highly controversial, the hypothesis became all-Union archeological student conference, in which he actively participated and students from Continue reading
Museum of Peking man, or the Anthropological Museum in Zhoukoudian, near Beijing. in the village of Zhoukoudian. In this place was made one of the most important discoveries in anthropology. Here in 1921, were found the remains of prehistoric man, which then became known worldwide as Peking man (Sinanthropus pekinensis). This discovery became a worldwide sensation. Were first found in the remains of a prehistoric humanoid creatures not only in China but also throughout Asia. Peking man is considered by some as the “missing link” between APE and man. From 1923 to 1927 during the excavations were found several fragments of the skeleton of Peking man.
Peking man refers to a broad class of Homo erectus. It is believed that Peking man existed around the same period, the development of the first men, and People from the island of Java, was found in 1891 and known as Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus, was found in 1924 near the town of Kimberley in South Africa.
When they found the remains of a Man from the island of Java, the scientific community was initially configured quite skeptical. As for Peking man, scientists immediately recognized initially annotator scientific discoveries. Excavations from 1923 to 1927, during which were found the teeth, jaw and skull fragments of Peking man, only increased the confidence of scientists. During the second stage of the excavation, which was chaired by Chinese paleontologist Jan Junciana, also known in the Western world as Dr. C. C. Yang, was found more than 200 fragments of ancient human remains including 6 nearly completely preserved of the skull base. It was determined later that these remains belonged to more than 40 members of prehistoric human society. The second phase of excavations was carried out from 1928 to 1937 and was interrupted by the invasion of Japanese troops. Continue reading