The monument, accopany near the settlement of Grape, refers to a very important historical period of the Armenian nation – the adoption of the Christian religion. The structure found in the first building layer, was an ancient sanctuary, which is proven by the typical ritual finds. In the second construction period it was converted into a Christian Church hall with the extension of the apse on the East side. The value of the detected structures is also that it is the first visible proof of the reliability of information of the Armenian chroniclers about the transformation of the ancient shrines in the Christian Church. Near the present village of Jrapi on the right side of the route Yerevan-Armavir-Gyumri were excavated an ancient settlement. The study showed that the whole territory of small settlements, took about 7-8 hectares, had a rectangular form and was enclosed on three sides by hills. At this time, the settlement is crossed Shosseynaya expensive. Our research is focused on surviving right-hand part of the settlement. Excavations were fully revealed two perpendicularly arranged buildings, which were organized and spacious area. Continue reading
The land on which once stood the ancient city of Idalion, is present in the district of Nicosia, not far from Dali city.
The city that existed about three thousand years ago, was one of the first Cypriot city-States, among nine similar settlements mentioned in the annals of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon, where there was a democratic structure. In addition, it even had its own school of art.
What valuable results of excavations at the site of Idalion, it’s the fact that give a clear view about religion and the beliefs of the time. The most revered deities in the city was Athena, and Aphrodite. It is in honor of the last and the city was named as one of the names of Aphrodite in Latin sounds like “Italia”. According to one legend this was the place where Ares killed her lover Adonis.
Excavations on this site began in the mid-nineteenth century, when in 1868 the British traveler LEng stumbled upon the ruins of the temple where the inscriptions on Cypriot and Phoenician languages. This temple was dedicated to Aphrodite, or, as called Continue reading
Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading