Museum of Peking man, or the Anthropological Museum in Zhoukoudian, near Beijing. in the village of Zhoukoudian. In this place was made one of the most important discoveries in anthropology. Here in 1921, were found the remains of prehistoric man, which then became known worldwide as Peking man (Sinanthropus pekinensis). This discovery became a worldwide sensation. Were first found in the remains of a prehistoric humanoid creatures not only in China but also throughout Asia. Peking man is considered by some as the “missing link” between APE and man. From 1923 to 1927 during the excavations were found several fragments of the skeleton of Peking man.
Peking man refers to a broad class of Homo erectus. It is believed that Peking man existed around the same period, the development of the first men, and People from the island of Java, was found in 1891 and known as Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus, was found in 1924 near the town of Kimberley in South Africa.
When they found the remains of a Man from the island of Java, the scientific community was initially configured quite skeptical. As for Peking man, scientists immediately recognized initially annotator scientific discoveries. Excavations from 1923 to 1927, during which were found the teeth, jaw and skull fragments of Peking man, only increased the confidence of scientists. During the second stage of the excavation, which was chaired by Chinese paleontologist Jan Junciana, also known in the Western world as Dr. C. C. Yang, was found more than 200 fragments of ancient human remains including 6 nearly completely preserved of the skull base. It was determined later that these remains belonged to more than 40 members of prehistoric human society. The second phase of excavations was carried out from 1928 to 1937 and was interrupted by the invasion of Japanese troops. Continue reading
Primitive man was very similar to a large monkey walking on two legs. He had not the conformation of the skeleton as modern humans. Despite the fact that he is moving on, not on four, and two short posterior limbs, torso he was greatly inclined forward in the movement. Arms were long, hanging down to the knee and were loose – they are primitive people performed different work. Later hands have been to keep different stone tools for hunting.
Head of primitive man was smaller than modern humans. It is associated with smaller brain size. The forehead was low and small. And despite the fact that the brain of the first men was larger than that of monkeys, it was poorly developed. It has not yet been formed, was pronounced only a few sounds that expressed emotions. But this kind of language sounds clear to other individuals, that is, was a means of primitive communication.
The face of primitive man was beastlike. Lower jaw much forward. The superciliary arches very pronounced. Hair was long, black and shaggy. Among primitive people was thick hair on the entire body, similar to wool. This “wool” protected the body not only from cold but also from the hot sun.
Primitive people were strong and physically developed, because they osteanabrosis for their existence: they come into the fight with wild beasts, climbed on trees and on rocks, hunted and ran a lot. The very first APE-man scientists call Homo habilis. Continue reading
The ancient settlement of Chirokitia (named after a nearby village) because of its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that its early phases must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological research allow to speak about the contacts of the inhabitants of Khirokitia with Anatolia, the ancient settlements of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. Data of radiocarbon analysis showed that the population of Khirokitia occurred in approximately 5000 BC
2 December 1998 settlement of Choirokoitia was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites under number 848 according to IV, V, VI criteria, as this settlement, first, the earliest phase of studies for the Cyprus procainamidesee Neolithic period (criterion IV); secondly, a characteristic example of a significant human settlement, fragile as a result of its great antiquity and its location in a rapidly changing environment (criterion V); finally, the settlement related to the ideas and beliefs of historical importance, which is manifested in several aspects of material culture: for example, the use in funeral rites figurines testifies to ritual and religiondispatches (criterion VI). The site was discovered in 1934 by P. Diseasem. which produce further archaeological work from 1936 to 1946 To 1977, began excavations under the direction of Alain Le Brun, Director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During archaeological excavations at khirokitia found a large number of different objects. They talk about the existence in Cyprus of a highly developed Neolithic culture. The burials found in necklaces, pins, spindle whorls, pendants, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools to handles the bone was used, it produced the same pins, needles, spindles. Continue reading