The ancient settlement of Chirokitia (named after a nearby village) because of its preservation and the abundance of finds is unique among Neolithic archaeological sites in the Mediterranean. Researchers are still not clear the origin of this ancient Cypriot culture. A number of local and foreign historians believe that its early phases must be sought as a matter of Cyprus and on the Asian mainland. The results of archaeological research allow to speak about the contacts of the inhabitants of Khirokitia with Anatolia, the ancient settlements of the valley of Antioch and Northern Syria. Data of radiocarbon analysis showed that the population of Khirokitia occurred in approximately 5000 BC
2 December 1998 settlement of Choirokoitia was included in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites under number 848 according to IV, V, VI criteria, as this settlement, first, the earliest phase of studies for the Cyprus procainamidesee Neolithic period (criterion IV); secondly, a characteristic example of a significant human settlement, fragile as a result of its great antiquity and its location in a rapidly changing environment (criterion V); finally, the settlement related to the ideas and beliefs of historical importance, which is manifested in several aspects of material culture: for example, the use in funeral rites figurines testifies to ritual and religiondispatches (criterion VI). The site was discovered in 1934 by P. Diseasem. which produce further archaeological work from 1936 to 1946 To 1977, began excavations under the direction of Alain Le Brun, Director of the French archaeological mission in Cyprus.
During archaeological excavations at khirokitia found a large number of different objects. They talk about the existence in Cyprus of a highly developed Neolithic culture. The burials found in necklaces, pins, spindle whorls, pendants, stone beads. In the manufacture of stone tools to handles the bone was used, it produced the same pins, needles, spindles. Continue reading
Rich land of Cherkasy region the mysteries of centuries that hides in the depths of their lands. Especially those that date from 4-6 millennia BC. Cell Trypillya settlements, which are a unique phenomenon of the era, not so long ago were opened in the Talne district, Cherkasy region, has already caused a considerable resonance among the scientific community.
September 10, staff of Uman national University of horticulture visited the excavations at the largest settlements of Trypillya culture in S. Talanki, which is one of structural divisions of the University – Malenkovskaya agrotechnical College. From the words of the archaeologists who work here, students and staff of the mentioned College are actively involved not only in the organization of the excavation, but also promote the holding of international conferences and symposiums on archaeology.
On the excavations of Trypillian settlements near S. Talanki dealt with by the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, working archaeologists of Germany (in addition to excavations, doing Geophysics and valeology), and also involved students from the cities of Kiev, Vinnitsa and Uman. For young researchers it is not just manufacturing practices, and above all a unique opportunity to touch rare, filled with the memory of centuries of things that were before time hidden from the human eye layers of the soil.
With slivnik project on the study of settlements-the giants of Tripoli culture, scientific Secretary of the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, candidate of historical Sciences Alexey Corwin-Piotrowski, thanks to geophysical survey in sec. Talianki was found the largest Trypillian settlement in Europe. Its age reaches 5.5 thousand years in ancient times, and the number of residents numbered around 14 thousand people. Continue reading
Recently in the field of archaeology made a number of discoveries which cannot be explained by any current scientific theories. Many of the finds recently make us look at the history of the earth and development of mankind in a new way. Here are some of them.
Sometimes in rocks with ages of thousands and millions of years are artificial objects, clearly created by human hands. As an example, the iron hammer with petrified wooden handle, found in rocks of the Cretaceous period.
In General, fossilized iron artificial objects such as nails, bolts and even complex mechanisms of unknown purpose, there are often where ideas of the modern science of them cannot be at all. Not so long ago, in Russia, in Kamchatka, was found petrified, such mechanism consisting of gears, very similar to clock, only big sizes. Judging by the breed, his age should be around 400 million years.
In 1969 in the village of Rzhavchik the Kemerovo region in the development of the coal seam, at a depth of 70 meters has been found an unusual object. He was a marble sarcophagus, in which was the body of a very beautiful woman without any traces of decomposition. The body was bathed in the liquid of unknown composition. At first this finding was attributed to “pranks”of aliens. However, after scientists carried out genetic studies, it turned out that the woman is 100 percent Russian. Discovery has an age of about 800 years. In 1938 in the region of Tibet, in caves, were discovered mummies of strange creatures, with huge heads and thin limbs. Here were located their whole cemetery. Except for unusual mummies and skeletons found in the caves as the Sun, moon or some unknown planet. On the same day everywhere were scattered thin stone disks, similar to modern. Continue reading