Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.
“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.
In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading
The Crimean authorities are fighting illegal archaeological excavations. Now on the Peninsula are more than nine thousand monuments of cultural heritage. For a long time the historical territory remain unattended, and thus, were available to “black diggers”. The robbers took thousands of precious artifacts that ended up in private collections.
The territory of Greek settlement in Koktebel – a real Klondike for hunters for antiquities. These pits – traces of “black diggers”. The price of one here was found ancient coins reaches 15 thousand dollars. But in the pursuit of gold destroyed other artifacts.
“In the layer could be different vessels. In this case, the moulded broken vessel. Amphorae. Black lacquer dishes,” says archaeologist Alexander Gavrilov.
To the new owner valuable archaeological finds from the Crimea was illegally. On European closed auctions they were transported through Ukraine. After the reunification of the Peninsula with Russia that the flow has stopped. But Crimean artifacts are still in high demand on the black market. The so-called “black archeologists” in Crimea are almost not hiding.
For the entrepreneur Sergey Radchenko search for artifacts as a hobby.Once a week he travels with a metal detector on nature. Where there is already ongoing archaeological excavations – it does not work. Says he is interested in everyday objects found in frontier territories. And if according to the Ukrainian laws such trips were allowed, then in Russia it can fine and confiscate the equipment. Continue reading
Rich land of Cherkasy region the mysteries of centuries that hides in the depths of their lands. Especially those that date from 4-6 millennia BC. Cell Trypillya settlements, which are a unique phenomenon of the era, not so long ago were opened in the Talne district, Cherkasy region, has already caused a considerable resonance among the scientific community.
September 10, staff of Uman national University of horticulture visited the excavations at the largest settlements of Trypillya culture in S. Talanki, which is one of structural divisions of the University – Malenkovskaya agrotechnical College. From the words of the archaeologists who work here, students and staff of the mentioned College are actively involved not only in the organization of the excavation, but also promote the holding of international conferences and symposiums on archaeology.
On the excavations of Trypillian settlements near S. Talanki dealt with by the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, working archaeologists of Germany (in addition to excavations, doing Geophysics and valeology), and also involved students from the cities of Kiev, Vinnitsa and Uman. For young researchers it is not just manufacturing practices, and above all a unique opportunity to touch rare, filled with the memory of centuries of things that were before time hidden from the human eye layers of the soil.
With slivnik project on the study of settlements-the giants of Tripoli culture, scientific Secretary of the Institute of archaeology of NAS of Ukraine, candidate of historical Sciences Alexey Corwin-Piotrowski, thanks to geophysical survey in sec. Talianki was found the largest Trypillian settlement in Europe. Its age reaches 5.5 thousand years in ancient times, and the number of residents numbered around 14 thousand people. Continue reading