10 greatest archaeological discoveries of the past year
A list of the main archaeological discoveries of the past 2010 published by the magazine Archaeology, published by the Archaeological Institute of America. It’s not just about the archaeological findings, but also important for archaeology laboratory breakthroughs.
1. Tomb Hematoma (391-377 years BC), the king brown. Hekaton was the father of the king Mausolus, whose tomb became one of the seven wonders of the world – the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Tomb Hematoma found “black archeologists” and their discovery has become known after the unlawful excavations, they were arrested by the Turkish police.
2. Stone tools of the Paleolithic era (about 2.6 million years ago) were found on the coast of Crete. This finding is evidence that the ancient people could move not only on land, but could to make sea journeys. On the island of Crete, the people of this era arrived, most likely, not from the African continent, and European. Aegean sea is full of Islands, so the ancients could make not too long sea voyages from one island to another.
3. In Peru near the city of Jaen in the jungle were found pyramids, whose age is nearly 2,800 years.
4. In the Arctic in the Beaufort sea were found the remains of the legendary ship brianscalabrine “Investigator” (Investigator and researcher), missing 157 years ago. This ship in 1850 went in search of the missing Arctic Franklin expedition, but during this operation the ship was icebound, and the crew was forced to leave his June 3, 1853
5. The tomb of the king in the Mayan city of El of Cots . Dating back to the IV century ad. In this tomb the archaeologists were expecting a lot of horrible discoveries, including dishes filled with torn out teeth and severed fingers.
6. The completion of the decoding of the Neanderthal genome announced by the group of scientists led by Svante Paabo from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology. Max Planck . It turned out that the DNA of modern man and the Neanderthal man coincides almost 99.5%.
7. Denial of the allegation that in ancient Carthage regularly practiced child sacrifice. After surveying work and studying children’s burials in the Tophet of Carthage, where, it was alleged, were buried children, sacrificed to Moloch, scientists from the University of Pittsburgh concluded that all children from the surveyed graves died of natural causes and not as a result of ritual murder.
8. The discovery in Central Africa of the remains of the oldest human ancestor Australopithecus Kazanowa. This ancestor of modern man lived some 3.6 million years ago. That is, Australopithecus, Kazanowa at least 400,000 years older than the hominid “Lucy”, whose age is about 3.2 million years. Lucy still was considered the most ancient of our ancestors.
9. Detection in Jamestown (VA) ruins of the Church, where in 1910 was married Pocahontas and an English planter. This Church is famous for the fact that is the oldest Protestant Church in America.
10. Development of the radiocarbon method of Dating, in which the investigated sample is not destroyed. The method used to date, demanded the complete destruction of the sample. To conduct Dating from precious finds had to separate a small piece, which often was tantamount to the destruction of the whole find. Therefore, precise Dating of many artifacts was simply impossible. The new method gives scientists a unique opportunity to conduct more detailed studies.Photo: ancient Egyptian painting after the study a new method of radiocarbon Dating.