Finds of Russian archaeologists in Sudan
In The Sudan . on the territory of the modern village of Abu Artale, Russian-Italian archaeological expedition discovered interesting findings – the Sudanese antiquities service even called them the biggest discovery of the decade.
Russian and Italian archaeologists working in the Sudan since 2009. With each season of excavation, scientists are learning more about the history of the Kingdom of Kush was an ancient state that existed in the North of modern Sudan (Nubia) the first Millennium BC to IV century ad. Kush also known as Mirotskoe the Kingdom, by the name of the main city, Meroe.
Obelisk with hieroglyphic inscription was found in Abu Artale in 2015
The Russian expedition headed by Eleanor Kormysheva – doctor of historical Sciences, Professor, Director of International training and research center of Egyptology. V. S. Golenischev, head of the Institute of Oriental studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Italian – Fantosati Eugenio (Eugenio Fantusati), Professor of archaeology of Sapienza University in Rome.
Main findings at the end of 2015, include basalt altar, the basis of the sacred rooks and hieroglyphic inscriptions. All these artifacts were discovered inside the ruins of the temple, once destroyed by fire. When protocolpage is unknown, radiocarbon Dating has not yielded clear results.
The basis of the sacred rooks were in the Central part of the temple (naos). On religious occasions the rook placed in it a statue of a Nubian deity carried out of the temple to participate in ceremonial processions.
Archaeologists in excavations in Abu Artale
But the most promising finding was the hieroglyphic inscription. Mirotskoe Kingdom, nearest neighbor and rival of mighty Egypt, it is still little understood by modern researchers. Before the Russian-Italian archaeological expedition in 2009, systematic excavations in the area of Abu Artale was not conducted. In this context, archaeologists discovered an inscription – a direct source of information important for understanding the status and relationships Meretskogo Kingdom in the ancient world.
The inscription is made using Egyptian hieroglyphs – meroite borrowed them on there own, now extinct, Meretskogo language.
In an interview with Italian news Agency AGI Professor Fantosati said: “We have only begun to examine the hieroglyphic inscriptions, but have been able to decipher the cartouches with the names of the Imperial couple. In the inscription mentioned king and Queen Natakamani Amanitore who ruled in the heyday of mirotskoe civilization on the banks of the Nile. Mirotskoe the Kingdom played an important role on the world stage of his time. It is enough to mention the close diplomatic and trade relations between Meroe and the Roman Empire that existed until the fourth century of our era, when marofsky civilization fell under the blows of the opponent, drevneegipetskaja Kingdom of Axum”.
Skull of early Christian burials in Abu Artale, excavations 2014
The king of Natakamani rules in the “age of Christ” from 1 BC to 20 ad. From all erotskih rulers of it was preserved the most.
The village of Abu Artala, where excavations have been carried out, is located in the historical area known as the “island of Meroe” — the area of settlements and temples around the ancient capital of the Kingdom Meretskogo on the East Bank of the Nile, just 9 kilometers from Meroe and 5 km from Belgravia district where there are pyramid erotskih kings.
Back to the first centuries of our era are many other finds of the expedition. For example, in the 2014 season in Abu Artale were discovered early Christian graves.
“The findings of the 2015 season confirmed the high status of Abu Artale existed in the settlement. Nowadays its ruins can be called one of the most significant monuments of Nubia and interesting discoveries in the history of Sudanese archaeology,” says the Professor Fantosati.