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In Ussuriisk have unearthed a rich ancient Buddhist temple
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An important discovery of archaeologists Ulgpu: people settled in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region in the II-III centuries of our era

Settled agricultural population in the first Millennium ad appeared in the Ulyanovsk Volga region in the III-IV centuries, and not in the X century, as previously thought. Reliable confirmation of this obtained during the archaeological practice of students of historical faculty of the Ulyanovsk state pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov. In an archaeological expedition was also attended by representatives of Togliatti and Samara state universities, the Institute of archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan, Institute of history and culture of the Ulyanovsk region, the Ulyanovsk Museum of local lore.

The students under the guidance of Professor of history Ulgpu, head of the archaeology Department of regional research Institute of history and culture Yury Semykin conducted excavations on the territory of settlements (open settlements) near Krasnostawski settlement. They found many artifacts – shards of pottery, metal objects, fragments of window glass, the details of the ornaments, etc. Among the items of particular value – a bronze tip strap with traces of gilding the pre-Mongol period, a clay spindle – spindle weights, three iron weights, which presumably was weighed in silver coins. In it were discovered pits of the lesions with preserved the ashes, traces of iron production.

The results of the excavations led to the conclusion that our ancestors fished, raised cattle, practiced metallurgy, ceramic production, and glass manufacture. Dense settlement areas was facilitated by the natural conditions and rich deposits of iron ore. According to scientists via Krasnostawski the settlement could go the trade route from Bulgar to Kiev, and others. After 1236, the year that the settlement already existed since the Mongols, including the vast territory of the Golden Horde, forbade the local population to live on a fortified land.

As explained Yury Semykin, Ulyanovsk region – a real treasure for archaeologists. “Found through archaeological evidence we can find out what people inhabited our land, from whence they came, who did you contact, what social processes then took place. Thus, we can obtain more reliable and detailed picture of the ethno-cultural processes taking place in the entire Middle Volga region and Eastern Europe”, – said the historian.

It should be noted that the joint archaeological research on the monuments of history of the Ulyanovsk region held more than one year. For example, last year students and teachers Ulgpu together with colleagues from Samara and Togliatti became the pioneers of an ancient pagan necropolis in the Ulyanovsk region. They discovered a pagan burial ground, which is more than 13 centuries. This year’s study are also important for the study of cultural and historical heritage of the Ulyanovsk region and across the country.

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