In the cave of the Altai Terrible found a 50-year-old human remains
Scientists of Novosibirsk state University (NSU) and the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the RAS during the archeological excavations found in Scary cave (Altai territory), the human remains relating to the period 35-50 thousand years ago.
Anthropologists believe that the discovery will help to shed light on the interaction of modern humans, the Neanderthal and Denisova on the territory of Altai.
Previously in sediments of this age are found only stone tools, analyzing them, one could only make assumptions about the companions of the cave. Found bone remains have yet to explore in the laboratory. These findings can both confirm existing theories of the origin of humans and to force scientists to adjust them.
About the first results of the expedition in the press release, NSU said Andrey Krivoshapkin, doctor of historical Sciences, head of chair of archeology and Ethnography of humanitarian faculty of NSU.
“This year has been good for archaeologists, said Krivoshapkin. — In the course of excavations in the Pleistocene layers of the cave of Terrible managed to find new anthropological materials. In the layers related to the age of 35-40 thousand years ago, was discovered a fragment of a nail phalanx of a person, below is a fragment of the skull, below the rib fragment, presumably, tangerinedream man, but it remains to be seen in laboratory tests. The last two findings may be at least 50 thousand years.”
If the newly discovered bones have been preserved organic material, it will give the opportunity to conduct genetic analysis and determine whom they belong to. Before that, in 1989, in the cave were found the anthropological remains (the teeth of a modern human), but associated with the later phase of the upper Paleolithic — about 20 thousand years ago.
“Ideally, of course, would like to see in the upper layers (ungual phalanx) would have been man of the modern type with the content of genes and Neanderthal, and Denisova; below Neanderthal, as found here tools similar to industry Tagarskoe of the cave, where it was proved that they belong to Neanderthal man; and the most ancient fragment would be Denisovo. But this is only my fantasy, the results of genetic studies can be unexpected. In any case, they will help to shed light on the question of interaction of the modern human, Neanderthal and Denisova on the territory of the Altai,” — said Andrei Krivoshapkin.
The Scary cave is located on the left Bank of Inya river, 2.5 km North of the Tigirek village (Altai territory). The cave is of great interest, and with paleontological and archaeological point of view. As a result of earlier excavations in the cave were found stone-age tools, and various objects (made of bone, fragments of pottery), belonging to the bronze age, iron age and the middle Ages.