Excavations of ancient buildings in Armenia
The monument, accopany near the settlement of Grape, refers to a very important historical period of the Armenian nation – the adoption of the Christian religion. The structure found in the first building layer, was an ancient sanctuary, which is proven by the typical ritual finds. In the second construction period it was converted into a Christian Church hall with the extension of the apse on the East side. The value of the detected structures is also that it is the first visible proof of the reliability of information of the Armenian chroniclers about the transformation of the ancient shrines in the Christian Church. Near the present village of Jrapi on the right side of the route Yerevan-Armavir-Gyumri were excavated an ancient settlement. The study showed that the whole territory of small settlements, took about 7-8 hectares, had a rectangular form and was enclosed on three sides by hills. At this time, the settlement is crossed Shosseynaya expensive. Our research is focused on surviving right-hand part of the settlement. Excavations were fully revealed two perpendicularly arranged buildings, which were organized and spacious area. The first building was a multiroom apartment house. Ha the basis of construction techniques, planning solutions, as well as archaeological material, it was found that the building, belonging to the late antique time, continued to prevail in the middle ages with periodic additions and renovations.
Fig. 1 General view of the construction of the Second building is located in the northwestern part of the first complex. This is a small prjamougolno structure (Fig.1,2), where three clearly identifiable building renovation. Originally a rectangular building (Fig. 3a) is represented by one room, oriented East-West dimensions 5.80×8.70m. and a total area of about 50.46 sq. m. the height of the preserved walls from 0.90 to 1.20 m. the Walls of this room in the first building period dvuhventilnye, composed of local large stone blocks rough treatment with clay and crushed stone filler. Wall width from 85cm. to 1.00 M. The building has a single doorway situated on the South longitudinal wall structures with a width of 0.85 m On both sides of the doorway is framed with treated red tuff blocks with dimensions 0.57×0.55m. Floor structures of wattle and daub. In the center of the Western part of the room in the floor was excavated pit (Fig.4) of rectangular shape with dimensions 0.45h0.50m which is lined with well-crafted tuff blocks. Pit depth 0.60-0.80 m At the bottom of this pit was discovered the ashes of two small fragments of animal bones. In the Eastern part of this room were found two pits, the walls of which are lined with small naked. One of the pits had a depth of 0.45 m at a diameter of 1.30 m and the other 0.75 m at a diameter of 1.70 m. the pits were found In the breakup of the characteristic ceramics of the Hellenistic period. In one of the pits was discovered dog burial.