ARCHAEOLOGISTS PSU TOGETHER WITH FOREIGN SCIENTISTS LOOKING FOR EVIDENCE OF THE “KURGAN HYPOTHESIS”
PSU named after S. Toraigyrov was visited by a group of foreign scientists from UK, Germany and Denmark engaged in natural science research, anthropological and paleontological materials received by archaeologists of the University.
Among them, paleozoology Alan Outram of the University of Exeter, genetics Angela Perry of the max Planck Institute and the Danish researcher Peter Damgaard the University of Copenhagen.
Danish researcher Peter Damgaard has been looking for evidence of the “Kurgan hypothesis”, which links the origin of European peoples from the steppe tribes of Chalcolithic and bronze age in this connection has been the first visit in Pavlodar in February of this year. The first results of genetic studies of the ancient population of the region and other regions of Kazakhstan forced him again to come for more material for his studies, which were received by the staff of the archaeological research center. A. H. Margulan of PSU named after S. Toraigyrov. His research covers not only the problem of the origin of Indo-Europeans, but also other ancient peoples, including Turks.
Currently, scientists continue to study DNA samples of the ancient population of Pavlodar region, to test the theory about their relationship with the Europeans. Under the so-called Kurgan hypothesis, which first biaspalava Lithuanian-American researcher Maria Gimbutas in 1956, the Indo-European urheimat was located in the Pontic steppes. This territory extends from the Eastern Ukraine, southern Russia and to the North-West of Kazakhstan, where early Indo-Europeans settled not only in Europe but also far away to Asia.
Therefore, the study of the DNA of the ancient population of the region is of particular importance, as it obtained one of the most ancient archaeological materials reflecting these processes.
Among Kazakh scientists, purposeful studying of monuments of the early bronze age were associated with these processes, is still only the archaeologists PSU S. Toraigyrov under the leadership of V. K. Merz. “The interest of foreign scientists to the materials they received, demonstrates the importance of this research area in archaeology of Kazakhstan, which extends the chronological framework of the bronze age nearly a thousand years and seeks to clarify the periodization of the ancient history of our country”, – said Victor Karlovich.
In this regard, it is important to note that research carried out of paleozoology in conjunction with geneticists attempting to prove an earlier domestication of the horse in Kazakhstan, which can be significantly uravneni on new materials obtained by archaeologists PSU S. Toraigyrov in the study of the ancient settlements of pastoralists in the lake Borly. According to the results of their research will also tell you the conditions in which lived ancient people and animals, what to eat and what hurt. Modern technologies that develop, foreign scientists, allows to answer many questions and these opportunities are constantly expanding.
During the visit to Pavlodar state University named after S. Toraigyrov, the guests were provided with information about available materials, covering a broad chronological range extending to several thousand years from the Neolithic to the middle ages.
In the course of joint works have been selected dozens of new samples, the results of which clarify many cultural and historical issues and determine areas for further searches.