Brief description: (concept, introduction to the profession, the essence of the profession, General description, main features, information about the profession) Archaeologist — a scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient civilizations by the preserved remains of their life. The main objective of the work of an archaeologist included excavations to search for research sources. Archaeology is often compared to detective work. This is a creative profession, as you have to use imagination and abstract thinking to recreate the pristine picture of the world of the past. Scientists-archeologists work with individual tiles that need to be put together to solve the mystery. Sometimes on full disclosure of the secrets of any ancient culture or archaeological site takes years.
The history of the profession: (the emergence of the profession, the history of the development of the profession) the profession of the archaeologist was popular in Ancient Rome and Greece. Even then people knew about the stone, bronze and iron ages, excavated and found ancient architectural monuments. In the Renaissance, numerous excavations were carried out, whose main aim was the extraction of antique sculptures. Archaeology as a science emerged only in the early twentieth century and today represents the topics that students of different cultures and eras. … Continue reading
Museum of Peking man, or the Anthropological Museum in Zhoukoudian, near Beijing. in the village of Zhoukoudian. In this place was made one of the most important discoveries in anthropology. Here in 1921, were found the remains of prehistoric man, which then became known worldwide as Peking man (Sinanthropus pekinensis). This discovery became a worldwide sensation. Were first found in the remains of a prehistoric humanoid creatures not only in China but also throughout Asia. Peking man is considered by some as the “missing link” between APE and man. From 1923 to 1927 during the excavations were found several fragments of the skeleton of Peking man.
Peking man refers to a broad class of Homo erectus. It is believed that Peking man existed around the same period, the development of the first men, and People from the island of Java, was found in 1891 and known as Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus, was found in 1924 near the town of Kimberley in South Africa.
When they found the remains of a Man from the island of Java, the scientific community was initially configured quite skeptical. As for Peking man, scientists immediately recognized initially annotator scientific discoveries. Excavations from 1923 to 1927, during which were found the teeth, jaw and skull fragments of Peking man, only increased the confidence of scientists. During the second stage of the excavation, which was chaired by Chinese paleontologist Jan Junciana, also known in the Western world as Dr. C. C. Yang, was found more than 200 fragments of ancient human remains including 6 nearly completely preserved of the skull base. It was determined later that these remains belonged to more than 40 members of prehistoric human society. The second phase of excavations was carried out from 1928 to 1937 and was interrupted by the invasion of Japanese troops. Continue reading
Ancient tombs of the Chinese dynasties at the plant. In the library of Karazin University opened the exhibition of archival documents. History finds tell local archivists: in the fifties the Soviet builders helped Chinese colleagues to build the mining plant. On site found nearly two thousand ancient graves of the beginning of our era.
Marat Balyshev, head of Department Central state scientific-technical archives of Ukraine: “Since it is a major industrial enterprise (I think it was 10-11 very large shops), there wasn’t supposed to be at the depth of any voids. Were these graves, and they were forced to pour concrete”.
The East – business thin. The archivists tell: the space under the Chinese and Soviet planners studied carefully and meticulously.
Evgeny Semenov, Director of the Central state scientific-technical archives of Ukraine: “the very subtlety of the study. Can you imagine: they even anthills were counted in all this vast territory – the area there, in my opinion, eight hundred hectares.”
Cini, Han, Tang, sui – which of the dynasties belong to the burial place the archaeologists were determined by the form. For example, the “big square hole” – typical for graves of the dynasty Zin.
Dozhdeva Olga, leading specialist of the Central state scientific-technical archives of Ukraine: “Here are the graves found in the territory of this workshop. Here they are marked. This, apparently, offsite graves”. Continue reading