Scientists of Novosibirsk state University (NSU) and the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the RAS during the archeological excavations found in Scary cave (Altai territory), the human remains relating to the period 35-50 thousand years ago.
Anthropologists believe that the discovery will help to shed light on the interaction of modern humans, the Neanderthal and Denisova on the territory of Altai.
Previously in sediments of this age are found only stone tools, analyzing them, one could only make assumptions about the companions of the cave. Found bone remains have yet to explore in the laboratory. These findings can both confirm existing theories of the origin of humans and to force scientists to adjust them.
About the first results of the expedition in the press release, NSU said Andrey Krivoshapkin, doctor of historical Sciences, head of chair of archeology and Ethnography of humanitarian faculty of NSU.
“This year has been good for archaeologists, said Krivoshapkin. — In the course of excavations in the Pleistocene layers of the cave of Terrible managed to find new anthropological materials. In the layers related to the age of 35-40 thousand years ago, was discovered a fragment of a nail phalanx of a person, below is a fragment of the skull, below the rib fragment, presumably, tangerinedream man, but it remains to be seen in laboratory tests. The last two findings may be at least 50 thousand years.” Continue reading
Work on the construction of the gas pipeline has been put on hold here. Archaeologists have discovered an amazing discovery of the medieval era. Only about a meter under the ground found the burials of two dozen horses.
Archaeologists have unearthed here a herd. This is until latest find. Rich bronze bridle, hung with ornaments. The sword and the spear specialists suggests: the horse in the 12th century belonged to the notable person.
– On the face of the horse we see bronze plaques, suspension type bells. Part of the bridle is behind the horse. This, apparently, happened after the killing of the horse. Here is very amazing thing. Here are preserved the contour of the tip of the spear, explains the head of the Department of archaeology of the Novorossiysk historical Museum-reserve Alexander Shishlov.
Archaeologists suggest that the riders were from the tribe Kosogov. They lived on these lands in the 12th-13th centuries. According to their customs of the horses was taken to be buried together with the owner. The urn with the ashes of a warrior left on the surface and war horse were buried in the ground.
– Next to each horse a gun here. That is, it left a warlike people. And one of the crafts of this population was war. That is, they are either employed somewhere or worry about the attacks – said Alexander Shishlov. Continue reading
Primitive man was very similar to a large monkey walking on two legs. He had not the conformation of the skeleton as modern humans. Despite the fact that he is moving on, not on four, and two short posterior limbs, torso he was greatly inclined forward in the movement. Arms were long, hanging down to the knee and were loose – they are primitive people performed different work. Later hands have been to keep different stone tools for hunting.
Head of primitive man was smaller than modern humans. It is associated with smaller brain size. The forehead was low and small. And despite the fact that the brain of the first men was larger than that of monkeys, it was poorly developed. It has not yet been formed, was pronounced only a few sounds that expressed emotions. But this kind of language sounds clear to other individuals, that is, was a means of primitive communication.
The face of primitive man was beastlike. Lower jaw much forward. The superciliary arches very pronounced. Hair was long, black and shaggy. Among primitive people was thick hair on the entire body, similar to wool. This “wool” protected the body not only from cold but also from the hot sun.
Primitive people were strong and physically developed, because they osteanabrosis for their existence: they come into the fight with wild beasts, climbed on trees and on rocks, hunted and ran a lot. The very first APE-man scientists call Homo habilis. Continue reading