Scientists of Novosibirsk state University (NSU) and the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the RAS during the archeological excavations found in Scary cave (Altai territory), the human remains relating to the period 35-50 thousand years ago.
Anthropologists believe that the discovery will help to shed light on the interaction of modern humans, the Neanderthal and Denisova on the territory of Altai.
Previously in sediments of this age are found only stone tools, analyzing them, one could only make assumptions about the companions of the cave. Found bone remains have yet to explore in the laboratory. These findings can both confirm existing theories of the origin of humans and to force scientists to adjust them.
About the first results of the expedition in the press release, NSU said Andrey Krivoshapkin, doctor of historical Sciences, head of chair of archeology and Ethnography of humanitarian faculty of NSU.
“This year has been good for archaeologists, said Krivoshapkin. — In the course of excavations in the Pleistocene layers of the cave of Terrible managed to find new anthropological materials. In the layers related to the age of 35-40 thousand years ago, was discovered a fragment of a nail phalanx of a person, below is a fragment of the skull, below the rib fragment, presumably, tangerinedream man, but it remains to be seen in laboratory tests. The last two findings may be at least 50 thousand years.” Continue reading
Researchers have discovered the remains of the ship “Terra Nova”, which in the early 20th century British polar Explorer Robert Scott set off to conquer the South pole. About the discovery reported on the official site of the Ocean Institute Schmidt, who provided the ship for the expedition. The ship was discovered on July 21, however, is known about the discovery said.
The discovery was made during testing of equipment on Board R/V Falkor off the coast of Greenland. The region for testing was chosen for several reasons – the depth here ranges from 10 to 1800 meters, the bottom is in different places has a different composition (the composition affects the way in from the bottom reflected signal), and details of the relief clearly visible.
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Not the last argument was the fact that here in 1943 sank the famous ship the “Terra Nova”, which at the time was carrying supplies to the Arctic. The vessel was damaged by ice and the crew was rescued by the U.S. coast guard, so the area where the ship sank was known. According to scientists, the sounders found the ship some 10 days after the start of the expedition.
The instruments showed that the length korablestoiteley 57 meters, which is consistent with historical data on “Terra Nova”. To make sure that they face the legendary ship, the scientists sent to explore automatic probe SHRIMP (Simple High Resolution IMaging Package), which is simply a rigid frame with a fixed engine, a pair of cameras and illumination. Received by the device image finally confirmed that the scientists “Terra Nova”. Continue reading
Museum of Peking man, or the Anthropological Museum in Zhoukoudian, near Beijing. in the village of Zhoukoudian. In this place was made one of the most important discoveries in anthropology. Here in 1921, were found the remains of prehistoric man, which then became known worldwide as Peking man (Sinanthropus pekinensis). This discovery became a worldwide sensation. Were first found in the remains of a prehistoric humanoid creatures not only in China but also throughout Asia. Peking man is considered by some as the “missing link” between APE and man. From 1923 to 1927 during the excavations were found several fragments of the skeleton of Peking man.
Peking man refers to a broad class of Homo erectus. It is believed that Peking man existed around the same period, the development of the first men, and People from the island of Java, was found in 1891 and known as Pithecanthropus and Australopithecus, was found in 1924 near the town of Kimberley in South Africa.
When they found the remains of a Man from the island of Java, the scientific community was initially configured quite skeptical. As for Peking man, scientists immediately recognized initially annotator scientific discoveries. Excavations from 1923 to 1927, during which were found the teeth, jaw and skull fragments of Peking man, only increased the confidence of scientists. During the second stage of the excavation, which was chaired by Chinese paleontologist Jan Junciana, also known in the Western world as Dr. C. C. Yang, was found more than 200 fragments of ancient human remains including 6 nearly completely preserved of the skull base. It was determined later that these remains belonged to more than 40 members of prehistoric human society. The second phase of excavations was carried out from 1928 to 1937 and was interrupted by the invasion of Japanese troops. Continue reading