Primitive man was very similar to a large monkey walking on two legs. He had not the conformation of the skeleton as modern humans. Despite the fact that he is moving on, not on four, and two short posterior limbs, torso he was greatly inclined forward in the movement. Arms were long, hanging down to the knee and were loose – they are primitive people performed different work. Later hands have been to keep different stone tools for hunting.
Head of primitive man was smaller than modern humans. It is associated with smaller brain size. The forehead was low and small. And despite the fact that the brain of the first men was larger than that of monkeys, it was poorly developed. It has not yet been formed, was pronounced only a few sounds that expressed emotions. But this kind of language sounds clear to other individuals, that is, was a means of primitive communication.
The face of primitive man was beastlike. Lower jaw much forward. The superciliary arches very pronounced. Hair was long, black and shaggy. Among primitive people was thick hair on the entire body, similar to wool. This “wool” protected the body not only from cold but also from the hot sun.
Primitive people were strong and physically developed, because they osteanabrosis for their existence: they come into the fight with wild beasts, climbed on trees and on rocks, hunted and ran a lot. The very first APE-man scientists call Homo habilis. Continue reading
Danish archaeologists during an open lecture at Kazan Federal University presented the results of their five-year excavations in the Crimea
Simferopol, January 22. Kryminform. In the Crimean Federal University named after V. I. Vernadsky University was held a public lecture scientists-archaeologists at Aarhus University (Denmark) –professors Jens Andresen and Vladimir Pillars “of the Western Crimean archaeological project: some results from the far Chersonese to the chorus of” where were presented the results of five excavations. This was reported today in the media center at the Kazan Federal University.
“We carried out excavations of some settlements, which are settlements of new type. Before that they were unknown to us. And this is the first work of its kind about the settlements in the inner part of the tarchankut Peninsula,” said Andresen and noted that some results of the excavations fundamentally change the universal idea about this region and about the history of the entire Western part of the Crimea.
Danish Professor expressed hope that, despite the political situation, the archaeological excavations will be continued.
Professor of the Department of ancient history and middle ages of historical faculty of Kazan Federal University Igor Khrapunov, in turn, focused attention on the fact that the rural territory of ancient cities have been preserved best of all in Crimea, especially in the area of Chersonesos.
“This is probably the only place in the world, except, perhaps, modern Sicily, where the artifacts are almost intact. Thus it has made this epochal discovery in the 50-ies of XX century, when they discovered whole sections of the Greek agriculture, different farms, divided into vineyards, gardens and so forth,” said Khrapunov. Continue reading
Amazing discovery made by European paleontologists in South America. On the territory of Uruguay they found slonomysh – the unusual remains of an ancient rodent, which weighed about a ton and used his front teeth in about the same manner as elephants, according to a paper published in the Journal of Anatomy.
“We came to the conclusion that this animal used not only the incisors for biting and cutting food, but also for digging the soil and protection from predators. This is very similar to how elephants use their tusks,” says one of the authors of the opening, Philip Cox (Philip Cox) from the University of York (UK).
As noted by Cox and his colleagues, the remains of the ancient loomisi were discovered in 2008, Uruguayan paleontologists, however, until recently, no one gave importance, RIA Novosti reports .
When British scientists saw these fossils, they were drawn to the unusually large size of the animal, its powerful jaws and teeth. The authors took the skull to his laboratory and attempted to estimate the bite force of an ancient rodent, calculated his age and tried to evaluate the environmental niche in which he lived.
According to the calculations of paleontologists, this mammal, named Josephoartigasia monesi, was the champion Itin several categories.
First, it is the largest rodent in the history of the Earth — it weighs almost a thousand pounds, and its dimensions are this slonomysh resembled that of a Buffalo or other large hoofed animal. Continue reading