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On the territory of Volgograd region began a new season for “black archeologists”.

Excavations along the two-kilometer road Vertyachiy-Pansino leave no doubts here, next to the former crossing of the don, worked “black diggers”. Carelessly dug fighting positions scattered rusty ammunition, but the most important bones of soldiers, broken shovels, broken legs “black archeologists”, told IA “Height 102” journalists Victoria ulianenko and Alexey Serova.

Spring is the traditional time for search teams: the ground is still moist and lends itself well to excavation. But before the official search engines from Volgograd to the battlefields overlook the so-called “black archeologists”. After them on the former battlefields remain dead hundreds of remains of soldiers.

Excavations along the two-kilometer road Vertyachiy-Pansino leave no doubts here, next to the former crossing of the don, worked “black” diggers. Carelessly dug fighting positions scattered rusty ammunition, but the most important bones of soldiers, broken shovels, broken legs “black archeologists”.

In the Volgograd region are still unknown hundreds of miles of the Stalingrad front. Here, after fierce fighting, sometimes in the same trench, are interspersed Soviet soldiers and Wehrmacht soldiers. On this site the account killed tens of thousands on both sides. Continue reading

How are archaeological excavations

Unearth — so as to raise the entire thickness of the earth, which for centuries and millennia were deposited by winds, torrents of water have been compounded by the remains of rotting plants, to lift so as not to disturb all that was left, lost or abandoned in times long past. The layer of earth over the remains of the abandoned settlements and other traces of human life are growing and now annually and daily. According to experts, every year up in the air, and then deposited 5 million cubic kilometers of rock. Water dilute and carry from place to place more soil.

“Archaeology is the science of the spade”, — stated in older textbooks. It is not entirely accurate. Unearth has not only a shovel but also with a knife medical scalpel and even a watercolor brush. Before starting the excavations, the surface of the monument to break by means of pegs into equal squares of size 1 (1x 1) or 4 (2 x 2) m2. Each peg is numbered and applied to the plan. This is called the grid. The mesh helps to record findings on the plans and drawings. During excavation all work is carried out manually. To mechanize this difficult, delicate and responsible task as yet impossible. Only the mechanized removal of earth from the excavation. Very often multilayer monuments— usually the places in which humans settled repeatedly.

In Sredniaia and the middle East, where they built mud-brick mud-brick houses, layered on each other the ruins of ancient cities formed hills with a height of several tens of meters — telly. To understand this multi-layered monument is difficult. But even more difficult to stratify those ancient settlements, where the houses were built of wood. From these settlements remains only a thin layer of decayed wood residue, ash, embers, and not fully decayed organic residues. This layer of dark color is visible in the crumbling wall of a ravine or at the edge of the eroded river Bank. In archaeology this layer is called cultural layer, Continue reading

Archaeological finds discovered on the territory of Znamensky monastery in the city of Kursk

During reconstruction of the Church of the Holy sepulchre was consecrated in the city of Kursk, in November-December-2015 staff Inspection on protection of objects of cultural heritage of Kursk region on separate sites conducted archaeological work.

According to the chief specialist of the Department of archaeology of the inspection Vereyskiy Novel, was the study area of about 70 square meters, where found artifacts of different eras. So, pinakamahalaga the remains of the foundations of the resurrection Cathedral belong to the XVIII century, burials date back to the XVII century, and the pits outbuildings with underground a basement — evidence of the culture of Ancient Russia and the Horde rule.

Found during excavations of the Foundation of the coins of the Russian Empire clearly indicate that the resurrection of the original wooden Church was built in 1730-ies. Mass burials in mass graves, found among the remains of the shrapnel firearms and silver coins of the seventeenth century indicate that this burial of the monks and defenders of the Znamensky monastery in the early stage of its existence. To unambiguously characterize this unique funerary complex would allow dalneishego study with the involvement of specialists-anthropologists.

Great interest are materials from the cultural layer of the ancient times — especially when you consider that the Kursk strata of this period are the most ancient to Chronicles of South Russian cities in Russia. Continue reading

An important discovery of archaeologists Ulgpu: people settled in the territory of the Ulyanovsk region in the II-III centuries of our era
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Ulan-Ude may become one of the most ancient cities of Russia
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